In social conversations, we could say that religion and politics are controversial subjects. Political science focuses on the systems and practices of the government and politics at a national, local, or international level. The discipline analyses, the political behavior and relations essential in promoting citizenship and career options. The critical skills, research skills, and analytical skills accrued from the discipline leave one with a range of careers to choose from (“Why Study Political Science? | Political Science”, 2020).
There are two approaches following the study of political science; traditional and modern approaches. The traditional approach emphasizes on value rather than facts. It focused on the conventional perspective of politics that it should not be purely scientific. Because social sciences are closely related, the traditional approach was more focused on the moral quality of an organization and activities of the state. It examined the different political structures. However, the attempt to relate theory and research was very minimal. Furthermore, because facts and values are closely related, it is impossible to make the political discipline scientific (Peters, 2019).
To minimize the deficiencies of traditional approaches, political thinkers advocated for a modern approach. Unlike traditional methods, modern approaches are fact-based; they try to arrive at a scientific conclusion by emphasizing the descriptive study of politics. Focusing on the behavioral approach, a type of modern approach, it diverted the attention to an ordinary man’s behavior. Despite being scientific and predicting political patterns, a behavioral the approach focused on human behavior, making it impossible to get definite results (Peters, 2019). Also, the idea of people behaving in the same way under similar circumstances are improbable, failing to note that human beings are not valued neutral.
It was not until the 17th century that the Christian view of political science mattered. The Christian perspective in political science has, however, proven elusive. This means that neither of the approaches can be taken into account in relevance to the Christian faith. But still, a Christian teacher of political science can come up with their findings and conclusions based on their faith and professional judgment.