English homework help. Research Writing Skill: Annotated Bibliography 
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations-and-notes that a researcher creates while conducting research to share a project in progress or to keep track of research over time. The goal of this module is to create an Annotated Bibliography for the sources you have found to this point.
Read through the Annotated Bibliography section of the Research Writing Skills website.

  • Finding Sources
  • Finding Help
  • Building an Annotated Bibliography
  • Evaluating an Annotated Bibliography

Write a three pages annotated bibliography of four articles you hope to use in your research paper for ENG 102. All of these articles must:

Organize and Format
Use this M5 Template AB to help you organize and type up the Annotated bibliography. Create a title that reflects your research topic:
Annotated Bibliography: Flood Mismanagement
As you saw from the example in Learning activities, Stubbs Sample AB, each “annotation” starts with a citation, typed as a hanging-indentation and followed by paragraphs. Use the M5 Template AB to help you set up the formatting.
The whole paper should be double-spaced; the citations/annotations should be ordered alphabetically by article author or by title if there is no author.
Begin each entry with a hanging-indent citation, as is illustrated in Jennifer Stubbs’ example earlier in Learning Activities. Immediately under each citation, write one or two paragraphs of annotation.
For each annotation:

  • Summarize the important points of the article using paraphrase with some pertinent quotation. Use appropriate textual references, too.
  • Assess the quality of the article, briefly. Is it credible, biased or unbiased, argumentative, entertaining, complicated, etc.? Why?
  • Reflect on how you hope to use the source in your paper. For example, will it provide another opinion than most of the articles? Will it help define your subject and be helpful in the opening? Or, will it be more helpful near the end of the paper when you discuss solutions?

After the four entries on articles, add a final paragraph for your annotated bibliography evaluating the assignment itself. What was the hardest part? What did you learn? What, if anything, are you still unsure about? Do you feel you are closer to writing a research paper? Why or why not? (See the example attached to the Learning Activities page of Module 5.)


While you read some chapters from the book resource you found to prepare a Book Report in Module 6, you also need to collect other sources for your research paper so you have enough to write about.
This module asks you to find four magazine or journal articles from Schoolcraft College databases that you could report on in your research paper. Then you’ll read those articles and write an annotated bibliography.
You will eventually use most of the book report in your research paper, and you will also use most of the annotated bibliography, too.
In other words, from now on, everything you complete in the course you may also be able to use to construct the research paper.
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for resources on one subject that also includes short write-ups about each article.
Research writers use annotated bibliographies for big projects they complete over time. Annotated bibliographies help writers stay organized and make some writing progress as they search and read and explore and read some more.
In the olden days before computers, researchers would write citations on index cards, turn the cards over and write up notes on the articles and where it might be used in the project.
Now that we have computers, it is easy to type up the citation and write up the notes or annotations, too. Often, if the researcher writes up the articles well while conducting research, he or she may be able to copy/paste the annotation right into the research project and the citation right onto the Works Cited page of the final project, too. Requiring you to create an annotated bibliography now will jump start your research paper and help guide you to the formulation of a research paper thesis.
It will also give you a great tool for long-term research that you may need to conduct later in your college or professional career.

Course Competencies

This module addresses the following course competencies:

  • Conduct dependable on-site, Internet and/or library research for college-level essays, papers or reports.
  • Evaluate researched sources for authority, credibility, and relevance.
  • Employ different strategies of integrating research by way of summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting.
  • Construct accurate entries for bibliographies and Works Cited lists.
  • Apply research strategies to appropriate writing situations.


After completing this module, you should be able to:

  • Construct four citations for journal, magazine, or newspaper articles.
  • Explore the Schoolcraft College databases for applicable research articles.
  • Summarize articles using correct textual referencing and quotation techniques.
  • Assess the value and relevance of articles as potential sources for a research paper.
  • Determine how best to incorporate articles in a research paper.
  • Write an annotated bibliography in preparation for a research project.

Heads Up

Everything in this module prepares you for The Annotated Bibliography (AB) of four articles from databases.  After feedback, you’ll be able to use the citations and most of the annotations in the Research Paper (RP) due in Module 7. There are two steps

Step One:

Learning Activities teaches you about annotated bibliographies and M5 Reading Quiz helps you assess your preparedness.

Step Two:

Apply what you’ve learned to write and submit an Annotated Bibliography on four database articles for your research paper.
These hyperlinks, embedded in the module, provide essential information for the Annotated Bibliography:
Annotated Bibliography
OWL: Annotated Bibliographies
Academic Search Complete
ProQuest Newspaper Database
Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Stubbs Sample AB
Special Preparation for Module 6
Reminder: Don’t forget about your book! Even though we are focusing on articles for this module, you should be reading the book you chose in preparation for your book report which we will begin working on next in Module 6.
Savor special passages that seem to sum-up the author’s passion and understanding for a subject after years of research. Be on the lookout for examples, facts, or eyewitness accounts that open understanding like a rose. A non-fiction book is really a long-term research project written over five years or so that may have required hundreds of in-person and online research experiences around the world. Use your book as your project foundation and research mentor, too.
Because you have borrowed a library book, keep notes on what you read in an electronic file, or find that favorite pen you once used in middle school and take some notes on actual paper. Taking both electronic and hand-written notes on your research is helpful because note taking slows you down to really think about what you’re reading instead of skim-reading, the way we often do online.
You’ll be reading your book for a number of days and in the process you’ll find yourself mulling over the author’s ideas—especially any ideas that take you out of your comfort zone and challenge your personal status quo. What is it about these ideas that have captured your attention? Has the author made a valid yet discomforting point—or is he or she using an argumentative fallacy?
When you encounter a point or passage from the book that makes you sit up and pay attention, be sure to discuss it in your book report. Also, be on the lookout during this reading adventure for some great passages to quote and an idea to share in the book report’s conclusion.

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